The Big Three
Did you know that the first ever Film Festival organized at a global level was the Venice Film Festival? Yes, this was thought of, and brought into effect in 1932. Subsequently, the global films fraternity witnessed the advent of the Cannes Film Festival and the Berlin Film Festival, thereby forming the Grand Festival Trio or the ‘Big Three’ in the realm of International Film Festivals.
Initial Round of Movies showcased
Any guesses for the first film ever to be showcased in the world’s first ever film festival, the Venice Film Festival? It was none else but the classic ‘Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde’ , the finest creation of Rouben Mamoulian. Eventually, the other movies to be showcased and to have received awards at the first Venice Film Festival in 1932, included the likes of ‘Mussolini Cup’ and ‘Man of Aran’. The initial category of awards conceptualized was the Golden Lion, whereas the ones which were added on later, were the Silver Lion Awards for excellence in various film categories.
War Gap and Pickup
Owing to the immense financial and social draining caused because of the Second World War from 1939 to 1945, the entire time period witnessed the cancellation of this Film Festival. It was only in 1946 that the festival was resumed, but even that lacked the kind of charisma that the festivals organized during the pre-war period boasted of. It was owing to the efforts of Luigi Chiarini that the same zeal and zing factor of the Venice Film Festival resumed in the post-war period. In fact, people saw this as a great factor of respite that made them forget the post-war gloom for some time, and therefore the festival turned out to be a big success in the subsequent years.
Apart from the primary Golden Lion and Silver Awards, there were several other prize categories that got added over the years. This included the Special Jury Prizes, the Golden Osella, the Grand Jury Prizes, the Volpi Cup and most importantly, the Special Lion for outstanding contribution in the field of cinema.